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Jewelry Stones

Although Turquoise is the predominant stone associated with Southwestern Native American Jewelry, there are a variety of other stones and shells that are incorporated into designs. Historically, the Ancestral Puebloans of Chaco Canyon traded with tribes from Mexico and even Central America. Shells and parrot feathers have been found in archeological sites across the Southwest. When the reservation system was put into place, Indian Traders began providing artists with materials they thought would enhance the jewelry being made. Today, Native American jewelers have access to an unlimited variety of materials from their local Trader, jewelry supply store and the internet.

Below is a list of the more commonly used stones (other than Turquoise) and shells and their sources:

Abalone — USA
Alabaster — Utah
Amber — Dominican Republic/Burma
Apple Coral — South China Sea
Black Onyx — China
Black Pen Shell — Philippines
Calsilica (Rainbow) — Mexico
Carnelian — China
Coral — Italy/Japan
Dolomite — Utah
Fancy Jasper — Brazil/India
Fossilized Walrus Ivory — Alaska/Siberia
Gaspeite — Australia
Serpentine — USA
Jet — Pennsylvania
Lapis — Afghanistan
Malachite — Australia/South Africa/USA
Melon Shell — Philippines
Ocean Jasper — Australia
Onyx — Mexico
Opal — Australia/Czech/Mexico/USA
Opal (Simulated/Imitation) — Man made Japan
Paua Shell — Philippines
Pearls — Philippines/China/Japan
Picasso Marble — Utah
Pink Agate — China
Pink Coral — Pacific Ocean
Pink Lipped Mussel Shell — USA
Pipestone — Arizona/Minnesota
Red Jasper — Africa
Rhodocrosite — Argentina/Russia/USA
Spiney Oyster Shell — Baja/Pacific Ocean
Sugilite — Africa
Tagua Nut — Central/South American
Tiger’s Eye — Australia/Africa

Pueblo Tribes